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accessing-files

Guest on 12th June 2022 03:24:22 AM

  1. NOTE:  Almost all files (even binaries) in the Info-Mac archive are in text
  2. format. Hence, a FTP transfer using a text-only option should work in all
  3. common cases.
  4.  
  5. To access binaries in the Info-Mac archive at sumex-aim, use your
  6. machine's ftp program.  Type "ftp sumex- edu".  Use the
  7. account name "anonymous" (lower-case) and enter any password. Then
  8. "cd info-mac" to enter our directory. You should be able to transfer
  9. binaries with a statement like "get tn/tn000.hqx".
  10.  
  11. Here are some simple commands to move you around the directory structure.
  12. This example assumes that you started in the /info-mac directory.
  13.         cd app         # move into the app directory
  14.         ls             # list the files there
  15.         get planet.hqx # transfer a file to your computer
  16.         cd ..          # move back up to the parent directory
  17.         cd help        # and so on...
  18.  
  19. Most Info-Mac files are stored in BinHex 4.0 format.  We have adopted the
  20. common practice of labeling such files with .hqx extensions.  To take these
  21. files and use them on your Macintosh, you must first run them through
  22. a program which will convert them from .hqx format into a regular Macintosh
  23. file. On Unix systems, you can use the mcvert program, stored as
  24. /unix/mcvert.shar. You can also do the conversion on your Macintosh by using
  25. either BinHex 4.0 or StuffIt 1.5.1. We recommend using StuffIt because it is
  26. slightly more reliable than BinHex.
  27.  
  28. Note that some of our files are large and have been split into smaller pieces
  29. so that they can be more easily mailed.  You must join them together before
  30. running BinHex or StuffIt. Hqx files can be edited as normal text; therefore,
  31. you can use any word processor or append command on your host to stich the
  32. pieces together. There are some files in the /util directory to do this step
  33. for you (unity and united).
  34.  
  35. Most of our files also have been compressed to save space. You'll know that
  36. they have been when the file name after converting to Macintosh format ends
  37. with a .sit, .cpt, .sea, or .pit extension. You should use StuffIt 1.5.1
  38. to convert .sit and .pit compressed files into real Macintosh files. (With
  39. .pit files you need to set a special StuffIt option to decompress them since
  40. they are not in the usual StuffIt format.) The other types, .cpt and .sea,
  41. are becoming increasingly common as Compactor gains in popularity. Both
  42. Compactor and Stuffit are in the /util directory.
  43.  
  44. In summary, there are generally five steps to pulling .hqx files from our
  45. archives:
  46.         1. Transfer them to your computer with FTP.
  47.         2. Transfer them to your Macintosh somehow.
  48.         3. If necessary, put separate pieces together.
  49.         4. Run BinHex 4.0 or StuffIt to convert the .hqx files into either
  50.            real Macintosh files or compressed Macintosh files.
  51.         5. If they are compressed, use the appropriate decompression
  52.            program to decompress them.
  53. People using Unix may be able to skip steps 3 and 4 by using the program
  54. mcvert on their Unix system before transferring the program to their Macintosh.
  55.  
  56. If you don't already have BinHex 4.0, it would be easiest to get it from a
  57. friend or user group. The truly desperate can compile it from the Pascal
  58. text sources currently stored in the source directory. Or, if you know how
  59. to do an 8-bit binary download, you can FTP it from us as /util/binhex4.bin.

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